Below you can find common genotypes for various generations of Bordoodles. Remember, these are the most common but there can/will be a puppy or two each litter that is different in one way or another. Also remember that it isn’t the individual genotype that makes a dog what it is, it is the combination! For example, a Border Collie may be SD/SD (high shedding) and an F1 Bordoodle might also be SD/SD, but it is the Curl and Furnishings genotype results combined- that determines if the dog is ACTUALLY high shed or not! We have an F1 Bordoodle that is “SD/SD” that hardly sheds at all, he is also CuC/Cu and F/IC.

F1 Bordoodles

Most of our F1 Bordoodles are CuC/Cu, F/IC & sd/SD.
This means the dog has a wavy, or slightly curly coat, longer hair around the muzzle and eyebrows and is a “moderate shedder”. Despite the genetic makeup that says “moderate shedding”, owners of our F1s report that they feel their dog is “low to no shed”, and rather seem to just “lose a little hair” during brushing or bathing.

Here are photo examples of our average F1’s coats. Grooming plays a MAJOR roll in coat appearance.

F1b Bordoodles

Most of our F1b Bordoodles are CuC/CuC F/F & sd/SD.
This means the dog has a curly coat, longer hair around the muzzle and eyebrows and is a “low shedder”. Despite the genetic makeup that says “low shedding”, owners of our F1bs report that they feel their dog does not shed.

Here are photo examples of our average F1b’s coats. Grooming plays a MAJOR roll in coat appearance.

F2b Bordoodles

At this time, our F2b Bordoodles will be from Aurora and Solstice hopefully in Fall 2018.

75% of their puppies will be CuC/CuC  and 25% will be CuC/Cu. (75% will have curly coats and 25% will have wavy coats.) 50% will be F/F and 50% F/IC. (So all will have longer hair around the muzzle and eyebrows.) 50% will be SD/SD and 50% will be sd/SD. (Moderate shedding and low shedding which combined with the other genotypes actually results in a low and no shedding dog.)

There are also many coat types possible when breeding Bordoodles! There is a bit of a science to the process of intentionally creating specific coats but there are also some uncertainties always possible. Beware of anyone promising a “Hypoallergenic, non shedding dog” unless they have DNA tested that exact puppy and can provide test results. Even within the same litter, you can have mild shedders, moderate shedders and non shedders! What generation the puppy is from plays a large role in giving a breeder a good idea of what to expect but ultimately, there is always some variation within the litter.

 

Genetic Details

There are three genotypes that come into play for each dog when it comes to coat type and shedding possibilities. The CU Locus, IC Locus and SD Locus. Below, you view Pawprint Genetics Labratories explanation of each Locus.

CuC/CuC

This dog carries two copies of CuC which results in a curly coat. This dog will pass on CuC to 100% of its offspring.

Interpretation: Curly coat

CuC/Cu

This dog carries one copy of CuC and one copy of Cu which results in a wavy or curly coat. This dog will pass on CuC to 50% of its offspring and Cu to 50% of its offspring.

Interpretation: Curly/Wavy coat (Carrier)

Cu/Cu

This dog carries two copies of Cu and has a straight coat. This dog will pass on Cu to 100% of its offspring.

Interpretation: Straight coat

The Cu Locus (Curly hair) impacts hair curl as a result of a DNA variant in the KRT71 gene which produces a form of keratin, a major structural component of hair. The CuC variant of KRT71 prevents keratin from binding together in a regular pattern which alters the structure of the hair and results in a curly coat.


The IC Locus (Improper coat/Furnishings) trait test reliably determines if a dog has one of the following genotypes at the IC locus:

F/F

This dog does not carry the Mutation for improper coat and will therefore have furnishings (proper coat). However, the overall coat type of this dog is dependent on the combination of this dog’s genotypes at the L, Cu, and IC loci. This dog will pass F (furnishings, proper coat) on to 100% of its offspring.

Interpretation: Furnishings

F/IC

This dog carries one copy of the mutation for improper coat (IC) and one copy of F and will therefore have furnishings (proper coat). However, the overall coat type of this dog is dependent on the combination of this dog’s genotypes at the L, Cu, and IC loci. This dog will pass IC (improper coat) on to 50% of its offspring and F (furnishings, proper coat) on to 50% of its offspring. Therefore, this dog can produce puppies with improper coat if bred with a dog that carries one copy (F/IC) or two copies (IC/IC) of the mutation for improper coat.

Interpretation: Furnishings (Improper coat Carrier)

IC/IC

This dog carries two copies of IC and will therefore have no furnishings (improper coat). However, the overall coat type of this dog is dependent on the combination of this dog’s genotypes at the L, Cu, and IC loci. This dog will pass IC (improper coat) on to 100% of its offspring and can produce puppies with improper coat if bred with a dog that carries one copy (F/IC) or two copies (IC/IC) of the mutation for improper coat.

Interpretation: No Furnishings, improper coat

Detailed Summary

The improper coat/furnishings (IC) Locus determines if a dog will have longer hair around the muzzle and eyebrows (facial furnishings) or a lack of furnishings (called improper coat in breeds for which facial furnishings are standard). A DNA variant in the RSPO2 gene, which functions in hair follicle development, results in the production of furnishings in multiple breeds and is found in all wire-haired dogs.


SD Locus:

SD/SD

This dog carries two copies of the SD Allele which has been associated with higher shedding than sd/SD and sd/sd dogs. However, the overall degree of shedding for this dog is dependent on the combination of this dog’s genotypes at the SD and IC loci. This dog will pass on SD to 100% of its offspring.

Interpretation: High shedding

sd/SD

This dog carries one copy of the sd allele and one copy of the SD allele which has been associated with moderate shedding compared to SD/SD and sd/sd dogs. However, the overall degree of shedding for this dog is dependent on the combination of this dog’s genotypes at the SD and IC loci. This dog will pass on the SD allele to 50% of its offspring and the sd allele to 50% of its offspring.

Interpretation: Moderate shedding

sd/sd

This dog carries two copies of the sd allele which has been associated with lower shedding than SD/SD and sd/SD dogs. However, the overall degree of shedding for this dog is dependent on the combination of this dog’s genotypes at the SD and IC loci. This dog will pass on the sd allele to 100% of its offspring.

Interpretation: Low shedding

Detailed Summary

The SD Locus (Shedding) has been identified as one gene that can impact the degree of shedding in certain breeds of dog. A DNA variant in the MC5R gene (SD) has been associated with higher shedding in various breeds. However, the overall degree of shedding for a dog is dependent on a combination genes and a better understanding of a dog’s degree of shedding currently comes from knowledge of a dog’s genotypes at both the SD locus and IC (Improper Coat/Furnishings) locus. The MC5Rgene is expressed in the hair follicle glands that produce the oily, waxy substance called sebum that assists in lubrication, water repellency, and thermo-regulation of the skin and hair. The SD variant disrupts the structure of sebum and results in increased shedding for breeds that show variation at the SD locus. One copy of the SD variant increases shedding from relatively low to moderate and two copies of the variant results in an increase to relatively high shedding. Dogs that have an improper coat/no furnishings also have a propensity to higher shedding. The SD locus and IC locus have an additive effect on each other. Dogs that have two copies of the SD variant (SD/SD) and two copies of the IC variant (IC/IC) are the highest shedding dogs compared to dogs that have no copies of the SD variant (sd/sd) and no copies of the IC variant (F/F).

Various combinations of genotypes at the SD locus and IC locus can produce intermediate shedding states as indicated on the chart below: